スピーチの中の語句を覚える (通検、国連英検対策) (2002/7/13)

ここでは、米国大統領のスピーチをはじめ、国連事務総長等のスピーチの中に出てくる語句を随時紹介していきます。

8、 ブッシュ大統領 企業責任についての演説 (2002年7月9日)より


President Announces Tough New Enforcement Initiatives for Reform
Remarks by the President on Corporate Responsibility
Regent Wall Street Hotel
New York, New York

11:20 A.M. EDT



President George W. Bush address corporate leaders on Wall Street in New York, Tuesday, July 09. "At this moment, America's greatest economic need is higher ethical standards -- standards enforced by strict laws and upheld by responsible business leaders," said the President, who unveiled plans to create a new Corporate Fraud Task Force, introduce criminal penalties for corporate fraud and fund new initiatives in the SEC that will provide accountability to corporate America. White House photo by Eric Draper.

THE PRESIDENT: Thank you all. Thank you very much for that warm welcome. I'm pleased to be back in New York City. New York City is a unique symbol of America's creativity and character and resilience. In the last 10 months, New Yorkers have shown a watching world the true spirit of your city. (Applause.) A spirit that honors the loss, remembers its heroes, and goes forward with determination and with confidence.

resilience
(名詞) 復元力、回復力、快活、元気、弾性、弾力、反発


(関連表現)
  • resilience of rubber
    ゴムの弾性
  • inexplicable resilience of
    〜の説明し難い復元力[回復力・反発]
  • impact resilience test
    反ぱつ弾性試験、反発弾性試験
  • economic resilience
    経済的な弾力性
  • impact resilience
    反ぱつ弾性
  • loss of skin resilience
    肌の弾力の低下
  • modulus of resilience
    剛性率
  • national resilience
    国家的強靭性
  • powerful resilience
    力強い回復力
  • proof resilience
    プルーフレジリエンス、最大弾性エネルギー
  • rebound resilience
    反発弾性
  • remarkable resilience
    目覚しい回復力
  • show one's resilience
    回復力を見せつける
  • show remarkable resilience
    目覚しい回復力を示す
  • signs of resilience
    復元力の現れ

People of this city are writing one of the greatest chapters in our nation's history, and all Americans are proud of New York. (Applause.)

-

I've come to the financial capital of the world to speak of a serious challenge to our financial markets, and to the confidence on which they rest. The misdeeds now being uncovered in some quarters of corporate America are threatening the financial well-being of many workers and many investors. At this moment, America's greatest economic need is higher ethical standards -- standards enforced by strict laws and upheld by responsible business leaders.

ensure financial well-being
財政の健全を確保する[確かなものとする]
  • ethical standards for advertising
    広告倫理基準
  • impeccable ethical standards
    申し分のない道徳基準
The lure of heady profits of the late 1990s spawned abuses and excesses. With strict enforcement and higher ethical standards, we must usher in a new era of integrity in corporate America. lure
(他動詞) 〜をおびき寄せる、引き寄せる、引き付ける、おびき出す、呼び戻す、待ち伏せる、誘い込む、誘い出す、誘惑する、引き入れる、誘致する

(名詞-1) おとり、わな、《魚釣り》ルアー、疑似餌{ぎじえ}
・ An empty hand is no lure for a hawk. : 《諺》ただで物をもらおうと思っても駄目だ。

(名詞-2) 人を誘惑するもの、魅力、魅惑
◆(類語)attraction

(名詞-3) 恍惚


heady
(形容詞) せっかちな、向こう見ずな、わがままな、頑固な、強情な、激しい、性急な、すぐ酔わせる、陶然とした
  • heady day
    目まぐるしい1日
  • heady days
    勢いが良かった時代
  • heady liquor
    悪酔いするような酒
  • heady pace
    目が回るような速度
  • heady perfume
    酔わせるような香り
  • heady smell of perfume
    香水の悩ましい香り
  • heady success
    陶酔するような成功
  • heady triumph
    沸き立つ勝利
  • heady wine
    すぐ回るブドウ酒
  • get off to a heady start
    幸先の良いスタートを切る
spawn
(自動詞) (水性動物が)放卵する
(他動詞-1) (水性動物が卵を)産む
(他動詞-2) 生む、発生させる、生じる、引き起こす、原因を作る、激増させる
・ The Internet spawned an environment of social change on a global basis. : インターネットは世界的規模で社会変化の環境を生み出した。

(名詞) (水性動物の)卵
  • spawn a new phase
    新しい局面を生み出す
  • spawn a whole army of trash-picker
    ゴミ拾いの大群を産み出す
  • spawn citizens' movement that oppose the construction of
    〜の建設に反対する住民運動を起こす
  • spawn conflict and danger worldwide
    世界中に紛争や危機を生じる
  • spawn cycle of death
    死の連鎖を生む
 integrity
(名詞-1) 完全(な状態)、完全性、全体性
(名詞-2) 誠実、正直、高潔、品位
  • integrity as a nation
    国家としての保全
  • integrity condition
    完全性条件
  • integrity of a text
    原文の完全な状態
  • integrity of an ancient manuscript
    古写本の完全な姿
  • integrity of the defense perimeter
    完ぺきな国境防備
  • integrity test
    完全性試験
  • integrity violation
    整合性違反
  • vouch for someone's integrity and enthusiasm as well as his capabilities.
    (人)の能力だけでなく誠実さと熱意をも保証する
  • message integrity code
    メッセージの完全性を示すコード
  • lexical integrity hypothesis
    語彙的統合性の仮説
  • one's integrity is called into question
    人格を問われる
  • defend the integrity of a country
    一国の保全を計る
  • protect the integrity of one's transportation network from terrorism
    テロから輸送網[交通網]の完全状態を守る
  • overseas integrity of the dollar
    ドルの対外信用
  • preserve the integrity of the state
    国家を保全する
  • safeguard the integrity of
    〜を保全する
  • biological integrity
    生物学的健全性
  • check one's system integrity
    システムの整合性を調べる
  • compromise one's integrity
    自分の品位を汚す
  • data integrity
    《コ》データ保全性、データ保全、データ完全性
  • defend the territorial integrity
    領土の保全を守る
  • display integrity
    正直さを示す
  • ecological integrity
    生態系の健全性
  • ensure data integrity
    《コ》データの完全性を保証する
  • file integrity
    ファイル保全
  • fire integrity
    火炎遮断性
  • girl of integrity
    品行方正な女
  • have faith in someone's integrity
    (人)の誠実さを信頼している
  • in its integrity
    そっくりそのままに
  • in their integrity
    そっくりそのままに
  • journalistic integrity
    ジャーナリストとしての誠実さ
  • lack of commercial integrity
    商道徳の欠如
  • loss of integrity
    質の低下
  • maintain shielding integrity
    完全にシールドする
  • maintain territorial integrity
    領土の保全を維持する
  • maintain the integrity
    保全する
  • maintain integrity
    誠実さを守る
  • maintenance of the territorial integrity
    領土保全
  • man of the utmost integrity
    極めて誠実な人物
  • person of great integrity
    極めて誠実な人
  • person of high integrity
    優れて誠実な人物
  • person of integrity
    高潔な人、人格者、清廉潔白の士
  • political integrity
    政治的全体性
  • preservation of territorial integrity
    領土の保全
  • preserve the territorial integrity
    領土を保全する

I want to thank Bill for his introduction. There's nothing like being recycled. (Laughter and applause.) But thanks for having me. I'm honored to meet your family and Uncle Jack. (Laughter and applause.)

There is nothing like
〜に限る、〜は最高だ、〜なんていやですね

・ There's nothing like beer after taking a bath. : 風呂上がりのビールは最高だ
・ There's nothing like a person who always asks for a loan. : いつも借金を頼んでくる人なんていやですね
  • There is nothing like A to B
    BするのにはAがいちばんだ
I appreciate very much Secretary O'Neill and Secretary Evans traveling with me today. I want to thank the members of the New York delegation, Senators Schumer and Clinton, as well as Congressman Fossella and Congressman Rangel. I appreciate so very much the Mayor -- my friend, the Mayor, for being here to greet me as I came in on the chopper. Thank you, Mr. Mayor, and thanks for the great job you're doing for New York. (Applause.)

chopper
(自動詞) オートバイで行く、ヘリコプターで飛ぶ
(名詞-1) ぶった切る道具、テーブルナイフ、おの、なた、肉切り包丁、野菜刻み器
(名詞-2) 歯、入れ歯
(名詞-3) ぶち切る人、ぶった切る人、切られたもの
(名詞-4) 小型機関銃、軽機関銃、小型機関銃を使うギャング
(名詞-5) バイク、
ヘリコプター、改造オートバイ、改造自転車、改造自動車、特注のオートバイ

I'm honored that Cardinal Egan is here. And I appreciate so very much seeing John Whitehead, the Chairman of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. And thank you all for coming, as well. cardinal
(名詞) 真紅、緋色、フード付きの婦人用コート、枢機卿

The American economy -- our economy -- is built on confidence. The conviction that our free enterprise system will continue to be the most powerful and most promising in the world. That confidence is well-placed. After all, American technology is the most advanced in the world. Our universities attract the talent of the world. Our workers and ranchers and farmers can compete with anyone in the world. Our society rewards hard work and honest ambition, bringing people to our shores from all around the world who share those values. The American economy is the most creative and enterprising and productive system ever devised. (Applause.)

well-placed
(形容詞) よい地位にある、うまく配置された、正しく狙いをつけた、よく情報収集された、突き止められた
  • well-placed socially, be
    社会的な地位が高い
  • well-placed source
    信頼できる情報筋、信頼筋
rancher
(名詞) 農場主、牧場監督、牧場主、牧場労働者、牧童
 
our shores
我が国
  • outside these shores
    この国の外で
  • reach British shores
    英国に着く
  • these shores
    自分のいる島
  • travel to foreign shores
    外国へ旅立つ
  • within these shores
    この国内に
enterprising
(形容詞) 積極的な、進取の気性に富んだ
  • enterprising body
    事業主体
  • enterprising businessman
    企業心の旺盛な実業家
  • enterprising fund
    事業資金
  • enterprising industrialist
    積極的な企業家
  • enterprising man
    進取の気性に富んだ人
  • enterprising manufacturer
    企業心に富む製造メーカー
  • enterprising merchant
    進取的な商人
  • enterprising people
    意欲を持つ人達
  • enterprising publisher
    企業心に富む出版社
  • enterprising shopkeeper
    企業心に富んだ商人
  • enterprising spirit
    企業心、進取の気性、積極性
  • enterprising zeal
    進取的な熱意
  • instill in someone an enterprising spirit
    (人)に進取の精神を吹き込む

We can be confident because America is taking every necessary step to fight and win the war on terror. We are reorganizing the federal government to protect the homeland. We are hunting down the terrorists who seek to sow chaos. My commitment, and the commitment of our government, is total. We will not relent until the cold-blooded killers are found, disrupted, and defeated. (Applause.)

relent
(自動詞) 和らぐ、ほだされる、態度を和らげる
  • relent on a reprimand
    叱責を和らげる
  • relent to
    折れて〜することを許す、くじけて〜する

We can be confident because of the amazing achievements of American workers and entrepreneurs. In spite of all that happened last year, from the economic slowdown to the terrorist attack, worker productivity has grown by 4.2 percent over the last four quarters. In the first quarter of 2002, the economy grew at an annual rate exceeding six percent. Though there's much work left to do, American workers have defied the pessimists and laid the foundation for a sustained recovery.

defy
(他動詞) 拒む、拒否する、否定する、反抗する、平然と無視する、打破する、食ってかかる、挑む、努力しても到らない、〜を受け付けない、寄せ付けない

・ It defies description. : それは筆舌に尽くし難い。

・ My job was covering up losses. I knew it was market manipulation and in violation of the Securities and Exchange Law. But I couldn't defy company orders. : 私は証券会社で損失補填の操作をしていました。もちろん、市場操作であり証券取引法違反であることは分かってました。でも私は企業命令には逆らえませんでした。
  • defy a cure
    (病気に)治療法が効かない
  • defy a dogma
    定説に公然と反抗する
  • defy a dusk-to-dawn curfew
    外出禁止令を無視する
  • defy all imagination
    想像を絶する
  • defy bad luck
    不幸に挑む
  • defy calculation
    数えきれない
  • defy common sense
    常識を逸脱する
  • defy comparison with
    〜と比べものにならない
  • defy competition
    競争を退ける、競争を物ともしない
  • defy conjecture
    端倪すべからざるものがある
  • defy convention
    因習に反抗する、慣習を破る
  • defy death
    死を恐れない
  • defy description
    筆舌に尽くし難い
  • defy gravity
    重力に逆らう
  • defy Japan's war-renouncing Constitution
    日本の戦争放棄の憲法を否定する
  • defy logic
    理屈に合わない
  • defy majority rule
    多数決に従わない
  • defy measurement in numerical terms
    数字で測ることができない、数値化不能である
  • defy mounting pressure
    高まるプレッシャーをものともしない
  • defy nature
    自然に刃向かう

We can be confident because we're pursuing pro-growth reforms in Washington, D.C. Last year we passed the biggest tax cut in a generation, which encouraged job creation and boosted consumer spending at just the right time. For the sake of long-term growth, I'm asking Congress to make the tax reductions permanent. I'm asking Congress to join me to promote free trade, which will open new markets and create better jobs and spur innovation. I ask Congress to work with me to pass a terrorism insurance bill, to give companies the security they need to expand and to build. (Applause.) And I will insist on -- and, if need be, enforce -- discipline in federal spending, so we can meet our national priorities without undermining our economy.

pro-growth
(形容詞) 民間主導の開発方式の


undermine
(他動詞) 〜の下を掘る、〜の土台を壊す、徐々に衰えさせる、徐々に弱らせる、弱体化させる、密かに傷つける、蝕む、損なう、台無しにする、ないがしろにする、〜をずたずたにする、ぶち壊しにする、〜を間接的に卑劣な手段で攻撃する[批判する]
  • undermine arms control
    軍備管理を損なう
  • undermine bargaining position
    (主語によって)交渉上の立場が弱まる
  • undermine confidence
    信頼を損なう[傷つける・揺らがせる]
  • undermine confidence in Japan
    日本への信頼を蝕む
  • undermine confidence in someone's leadership
    (人)の指導力が徐々に弱まる
  • undermine confidence in the financial system
    金融システムに対する信頼を揺らがせる
  • undermine confidence in the party
    党への信頼を損なう
  • undermine customer interests
    消費者利益を損なう

We have much to be confident about in America. Yet our economy and our country need one more kind of confidence -- confidence in the character and conduct of all of our business leaders. The American economy today is rising, while faith in the fundamental integrity of American business leaders is being undermined. Nearly every week brings better economic news, and a discovery of fraud and scandal -- problems long in the making, but now coming to light.

fraud
(名詞) 詐欺(行為)、詐欺師、ごまかし、ペテン、不正行為、不正手段、欺瞞(に満ちた人)

◆詐欺の語源は、カラスを鳥のサギと言い含めてだますことから。

・ I would be a fraud if I claimed that I could speak English well. : 英語がうまく話せるなんて言ったら、嘘になります(私は嘘つきになります)。
  • fraud allegation
    不正行為疑惑
  • fraud and intimidation
    いかさまと脅し
  • fraud audit
    不正の監査
  • fraud bond
    詐欺保証
  • fraud by employees
    従業員による不正
  • fraud case
    詐欺事件
  • fraud charge
    詐欺罪
  • fraud conspiracy charge
    詐欺罪
  • fraud in application for employment
    経歴詐称
We've learned of some business leaders obstructing justice, and misleading clients, falsifying records, business executives breaching the trust and abusing power. We've learned of CEOs earning tens of millions of dollars in bonuses just before their companies go bankrupt, leaving employees and retirees and investors to suffer. The business pages of American newspapers should not read like a scandal sheet. falsify
(他動詞) 偽る、反証をあげる、曲げる、変造する

・ She admitted she falsified records. : 彼女は記録を変造したことを認めた。
  • falsify a passport
    パスポートを変造する
  • falsify a permit
    許可証を変造する
  • falsify a report
    報告を偽って伝える
  • falsify a will
    遺言書を偽造する
  • falsify accounts
    帳尻をごまかす
  • falsify an account
    報告をゆがめる
  • falsify documents in a murder investigation
    殺人捜査の文書を偽造する
  • falsify news
    報道を作り変える
  • falsify one's accounts
    帳尻をごまかす
The vast majority of businessmen and women are honest. They do right by their employees and their shareholders. They do not cut ethical corners, and their work helps create an economy which is the envy of the world. do right
正しいことをする、正しい行いをする
  • do right by
    〜に丁重な態度を取る、〜を公平に扱う、〜を正当に評価する
  • do right by women
    女に尽くす

Yet high-profile acts of deception have shaken people's trust. Too many corporations seem disconnected from the values of our country. These scandals have hurt the reputations of many good and honest companies. They have hurt the stock market. And worst of all, they are hurting millions of people who depend on the integrity of businesses for their livelihood and their retirement, for their peace of mind and their financial well-being.

high-profile
(形容詞) 高姿勢の、目立とうとする、人の注意を引くような、人目を引く、あからさまな、知名度の高い、話題の、明確な態度の、社会的地位のある
  • high-profile activity
    高姿勢な活動
  • high-profile advertising
    ^目立つ[人目を引く]広告
  • high-profile animal
    絶滅の恐れのある動物
  • high-profile case
    注目を集めている裁判
  • high-profile company
    知名度の高い会社
  • high-profile corporation
    知名度の高い法人
  • high-profile crime
    人の注意を引くための犯罪
  • high-profile economist
    よく知られた経済学者
  • high-profile figure
    有名人
  • high-profile guest
    知名度の高いゲスト
  • high-profile target
    人の注意を引く[社会的地位の高い・知名度のある]標的
・ Al-Qaeda remains interested in striking high-profile American targets. : アルカイダがアメリカの人の注意を引く[社会的地位の高い・知名度のある]標的を攻撃することに興味を持っていることは^変わらない[そのままである]。
  • high-profile visit to
    鳴り物入りの訪問
  • high-profile words
    日常で一般的に使われる言葉
  • engineer high-profile deals to buy
    買収を意気揚々とまとめる
  • engage in high-profile public denunciations of the behavior
    その行動を正面切って公然と非難する
deception
(名詞) 欺くこと、ごまかし(行為)、だまし、詐欺、幻想
  • deception bed
    隠しベッド、偽装ベッド
  • deception regarding the discovery of paleolithic stone artifacts
    旧石器発掘に関するごまかし[インチキ]
  • practice a deception on
    〜をだます
  • practice deception on
    (人)をだます
  • uncover deceptions
    ごまかしを見破る
  • avoid deception
    詐欺をしない
  • blatant deception
    あくどい詐欺
  • by deception
    ごまかしにより
  • be caught in a net of deception
    ペテンにかかる
  • conceal one's deception
    虚偽を隠す
  • consumer deception
    消費者への欺瞞
  • deliberate deception
    計画的詐欺
  • devise a deception
    詐欺を企む
  • engage in deception
    詐欺に関与する
When abuses like this begin to surface in the corporate world, it is time to reaffirm the basic principles and rules that make capitalism work: truthful books and honest people, and well-enforced laws against fraud and corruption. All investment is an act of faith, and faith is earned by integrity. In the long run, there's no capitalism without conscience; there is no wealth without character. conscience
(名詞) 誠実さ、道義心、良心

・ Let your conscience be your guide. : 良心に従え
・ A good conscience is a continual feast. : 《諺》心にやましさがなければ絶えず楽しい。
・ Conscience does make cowards of us all. : 《諺》良心は人を臆病にする。
  • conscience clause
    良心条項
  • conscience investment
    良心的投資
  • conscience money
    罪滅ぼしの献金[納金]、償いの献金[納金]
  • Conscience of America
    アメリカの良心
  • conscience-stricken
    (形容詞) 気がとがめた、良心に責められた
  • be onscience-stricken
    すまないと思う、寝覚めが悪い
  • have qualms of conscience about
    〜について良心の呵責を覚える
  • freedom of conscience and religion
    良心および信教の自由
  • put one's conscience aside
    良心を無視する
  • comfort one's conscience by remembering that
    (that以下)を思い出すことで良心を慰める
  • triumph of conscience over vice
    悪徳に対する良識の勝利
  • one's conscience pricks one
    気がとがめる、良心の呵責に悩む
  • for conscience sake
    (良心の)気休めに、良心がとがめて、後生だから
  • have the conscience to
    厚かましくも〜する、平気で〜する
  • prisoner of conscience {1}
    良心[信念]の囚人◆自分の良心・信念に従って法に従わない人。
  • prisoner of conscience {2}
    国事犯、政治犯
  • for conscience' sake
    (良心の)気休めに、良心がとがめて、後生だから
  • according to one's conscience
    良心に従って
  • according to the dictates of conscience
    良心に従って
  • act according to one's conscience
    良心の命じるところに従う
  • act against one's conscience
    良心に逆らって行動する
character
(名詞-1) 文字 ◆数字・符号も含む
(名詞-2) 性格、人格、人柄、品性
(名詞-3) 身分、地位、役柄
(名詞-4) 変わり者、個性的な人、面白い人 ◆悪い意味はない
・ He is a character. : 彼は面白{おもしろ}い奴だよ、彼は個性的だ
  • character actor
    性格俳優
  • character actress
    性格女優、性格俳優

And so again today I'm calling for a new ethic of personal responsibility in the business community; an ethic that will increase investor confidence, will make employees proud of their companies, and again, regain the trust of the American people.

-

Our nation's most respected business leaders -- including many gathered here today -- take this ethic very seriously. The Business Roundtable, the New York Stock Exchange, the NASDAQ have all proposed guidelines to improve corporate conduct and transparency. These include requirements that independent directors compose a majority of a company's board; that all members of audit, nominating, and compensation committees be independent; and that all stock option plans be approved by the shareholders. I call on all the stock markets to adopt these sensible reforms -- these common-sense reforms -- as soon as possible.

compensation committee
役員報酬を決める委員会

Self-regulation is important, but it's not enough. Government cannot remove risk from investment -- I know that -- or chance from the market. But government can do more to promote transparency and ensure that risks are honest. And government can ensure that those who breach the trust of the American people are punished.

promote transparency within the economy
経済の透明性を高める[向上させる]

Bold, well-considered reforms should demand integrity, without stifling innovation and economic growth. From the antitrust laws of the 19th century to the S&L reforms of recent times, America has tackled financial problems when they appeared. The actions I'm proposing follow in this tradition, and should be welcomed by every honest company in America. -

First, we will use the full weight of the law to expose and root out corruption. My administration will do everything in our power to end the days of cooking the books, shading the truth, and breaking our laws.

root out
根絶する、退治する、根こそぎにする、根絶やしにする
◆(直訳)悪の根元(root)を切り取って二度と生えてこないようにする
  • root out AIDS
    エイズを根絶する
  • root out al-Qaeda terrorists from their hiding places
    アルカイダのテロリストを隠れ場所から根絶する
  • root out an evil
    悪弊を根絶する
  • root out bid rigging
    談合を根絶する
  • root out bribery
    汚職を根絶する
  • root out corrupt practices at the ministry
    省内における悪い慣例を根絶やしにする
  • root out corruption
    腐敗を一掃する
  • root out corruption in management
    管理職の汚職を根絶する
  • root out crime
    根絶する、犯罪の根を絶つ
  • root out evil
    悪の根を刈り取る
  • root out evil practices
    病根を絶やす
  • root out extremists
    過激派を根絶する
  • root out illiteracy
    非識字を根絶する
  • root out inefficiency
    能率の悪さを根絶する
  • root out someone's cozy ties with Foreign Ministry officials
    (人)の外務官僚との癒着を根絶する
  • root out something to eat
    何か食べ物を探す
  • root out terrorism
    テロを根絶する
  • root out the hotbed of political corruption
    政治腐敗の温床をなくす
  • root out the infrastructure of the terrorists
    テロリストの基盤をなくす
shade
(他動詞-1) 〜を陰にする、薄暗くする、隠す
(他動詞-2) 陰影をつける
(名詞-1) 影、陰、陰影、わずかな違い、光[熱]を遮るもの、日除け、サングラス、(ランプの)かさ
(名詞-2) (影のように付きまとう)尾行者、探偵、刑事、スパイ
  • shade a lamp
    電灯に傘をつける
  • shade a light
    電灯にかさをつける
  • shade a price
    値を少し引く
  • shade and shadow
    陰影
  • shade avoidance
    日陰の忌避
  • shade body
    日除け本体
  • shade change
    変色
  • shade cloth
    ブラインド・クロス
  • shade culture
    遮光栽培
  • shade curtain
    遮光カーテン
  • shade deck vessel
    遮影甲板船
  • shade different from
    一味違う
  • shade glass
    シェード・グラス
  • shade grown
    シェイド・グロー
    ◆コーヒーの木の廻り(shade)に木を育て(grown)、そこに棲む鳥に害虫を食べさせてコーヒーを守る。殺虫剤が不要になる。
  • shade guide
    シェード・ガイド
  • shade into
    次第に〜に変わる
  • shade leaf
    陰葉
  • shade of a color
    色の濃さ
  • shade of a tree
    木の下の日陰
  • shade of anxiety
    わずかな
  • shade of meaning
    意味合い
  • shade of melancholy
    憂鬱な陰 ・ There appeared some shade of melancholy in Helen's face. : ヘレンの顔に憂鬱な陰が現われた。
  • shade of, a
    ほんの少しの
  • shade off
    少しずつ変わる
  • shade off a color
    色をぼかす
  • shade one's eyes with one's hand
    片手を目の上にかざす
  • shade one's face with one's hand
    顔に手をかざす

Today, by executive order, I create a new Corporate Fraud Task Force, headed by the Deputy Attorney General, which will target major accounting fraud and other criminal activity in corporate finance. The task force will function as a financial crimes SWAT team, overseeing the investigation of corporate abusers and bringing them to account.

task force
タスクフォース、特別捜査班、捜査本部、機動部隊、任務部隊、専門調査会、特別委員会、作業部会、対策委員会
  • task force against terrorism
    テロ捜査隊
  • task force approach
    タスク・フォース・アプローチ
  • task force concept
    タスク・フォース方式
  • task force of the Tokyo District Public Prosecutors Office
    (組織名) 東京地検特捜部
  • task force on administrative reform
    行政改革対策委員会
  • set up a task force at the ~ Police Station
    〜署に捜査本部を設置する
  • direct a task force in
    〜するための作業部会を指揮する
  • establish a task force of
    〜なる作業部会を設置する
  • LDP's task force on political reform
    自民党の政治制度改革本部
  • set up a task force on security measures
    安全対策タスクフォースを組織する
SWAT
(略語) =Special Weapons and Tactics、スワット、特別機動隊
 
bring someone to account
(人)の責任を問う、(人)に釈明[説明・弁明]を求める、(人)を叱る、(人)に問責する、(人)につけが回って来る、(人)に責任を問う、(人)を非難する
  • bring someone to account for
    〜に関して(人)の責任を問う、〜に関して(人)に釈明[説明・弁明]を求める、〜に関して(人)を叱る、〜に関して(人)に問責する、〜に関して(人)
    につけが回って来る、〜に関して(人)に責任を問う、〜に関して(人)を非難する

I'm also proposing tough new criminal penalties for corporate fraud. This legislation would double the maximum prison terms for those convicted of financial fraud from five to 10 years. Defrauding investors is a serious offense, and the punishment must be as serious as the crime. I ask Congress to strengthen the ability of SEC investigators to temporarily freeze improper payments to corporate executives, and to strengthen laws that prevent the destruction of corporate documents in order to hide crimes.

defraud
(他動詞 〜から詐取する、だましとる

・ He got 3 years for defrauding hotel. : 彼はホテルを騙したかどで3年の刑を科された。
  • defraud an investor out of $__
    投資家から_ドルを騙し取る
  • defraud one's neighbors
    隣人から騙し取る
  • defraud someone of his money
    (人)から詐欺で金を巻き上げる
  • defraud someone of his property
    (人)の財産を詐取する
  • defraud someone out of a great deal of money
    (人)から大金を巻き上げる[騙し取る]
  • defraud taxpayers
    納税者をだます
  • defraud the government of
    政府から〜をだまし取る
  • defraud the inventor of his award
    発明者から褒賞を詐取する
  • defraud the public
    公衆をあざむく
  • defraud the revenue
    脱税する
  • defraud the state by doing
    〜することで国をだます、国をだまして〜する
  • defraud __ people of $__ by promising
    〜を約束して_人から_ドルをだまし取る
  • defraud ~ of
    〜から…をだまし取る
defrauder
(名詞) 詐欺行為をする人
  • on a charge of defrauding ~ of
    〜から…をだまし取った疑いで
  • attempt to defraud
    詐欺を企てる
  • with intent to defraud
    詐欺の目的で
 
SEC =Securities and Exchange Commission、《米》証券取引委員会

Second, we're moving corporate accounting out of the shadows, so the investing public will have a true and fair and timely picture of assets and liabilities and income of publicly traded companies. Greater transparency will expose bad companies and, just as importantly, protect the reputations of the good ones.

liability
(名詞-1) 障害
(名詞-2) 不利益となるもの、責任、負担、義務、負債

・ Neither party shall be under any liability for any failure to perform any of its obligations under this Agreement due to any cause not within its control including, without limitation, lock-outs, strikes, other industrial disputes, riots or civil commotion, wars, expropriation or confiscation for public needs, embargo or act of God. : 《契約書》工場閉鎖、ストライキ、その他の労働争議、暴動、動乱、戦争、公共の目的による収用または没収、禁輸、天変地異など、制御できない事由により本契約上の義務を履行できない場合、両当事者はいかなる法的責任も負わないものとする。
  • liability certificate
    負債証券
  • liability class
    ライアビリティクラス
  • liability dividend
    債務配当、負債配当
  • liability for a debt
    債務
  • liability for an accident
    事故に対する責任
  • liability for baggage
    荷物保険
  • liability for damage
    損害賠償責任
  • liability for endorsement
    保証債務
  • liability for guarantee
    保証債務
  • liability for military service
    兵役義務
  • liability for retirement allowance
    退職給与引当金
  • liability for shareholder
    株主の責任

To expose corporate corruption, I asked Congress four months ago for funding to place 100 new enforcement personnel in the SEC. And I call on Congress to act quickly on this request. Today I announce my administration is asking Congress for an additional $100 million in the coming year to give the SEC the officers and the technology it needs to enforce the law. If more scandals are hiding in corporate America, we must find and expose them now, so we can begin rebuilding the confidence of our people and the momentum of our markets.

momentum
(名詞-1) 弾み、勢い、契機{けいき}、機運
(名詞-2) 《物理》運動量、推進力、モーメント

・ The momentum of jet stream causes the entire thunderstorm to rotate. : ジェット気流の推進力が雷をともなう嵐全体を回転させる。
  • momentum buyer
    弾み買いする投資家
  • momentum buying
    弾み買い
  • momentum density
    運動量密度
  • momentum for peace
    平和への動き
  • momentum generated by
    〜によって生み出される^勢い[推進力]
  • momentum interaction
    モーメンタム干渉
  • momentum of a falling object
    落下物の運動量
  • momentum oscillator
    モーメンタム・オシレータ
  • momentum toward a Kosovo peace plan
    コソボ和平案への動き
  • momentum toward democracy
    民主主義への機運
  • momentum transfer
    運動量移動
  • momentum wheel
    モーメンタム・ホイール
  • maintain the momentum behind financial and corporate sector reforms
    金融{きんゆう}・企業部門における改革の勢いを維持する
  • maintain the momentum behind
    〜の勢いを保つ[維持する]
  • break one's momentum by a slight change in one's trajectory
    軌道を少し変えることによって勢いを抑える
  • center of momentum coordinate system
    質量中心座標系
  • provide momentum for additional economic reforms
    さらなる経済改革に弾みを与える
  • provide the momentum for agreement
    合意に向かって弾みをつける
  • serve as a momentum for Japan's growth
    日本の経済成長の推進力としての役割を果たす
  • keep the momentum going
    勢いを持続させる
  • on the momentum of a business boom
    好景気に乗じて
  • sap the momentum of Japanese diplomacy
    日本の外交の勢いをなくさせる
  • recover the momentum of our economy
    我が国の経済の勢いを取り戻す
  • ride the momentum of __% approval ratings
    _%近い支持率に支えられて
  • recover the momentum of
    〜の勢いを回復させる[取り戻す]
  • add momentum to the process of Islamization
    イスラム教化のプロセスに拍車をかける
  • add momentum to the promotion of Japan-U.S. cooperation
    日米間の協力推進に弾みをつける
  • maintain momentum toward free trade
    自由貿易を目指す勢いを維持する
  • continue the momentum toward peace
    和平機運を継続する
  • add momentum to
    〜に拍車をかける、〜に弾みをつける
  • carry this momentum to
    この勢いを〜へつなげる
  • give momentum to
    〜に勢いをつける
  • restore diplomatic momentum with
    〜との外交的推進力を回復する
  • absolute momentum
    絶対運動量
  • acquire momentum
    はずみがつく
  • angular momentum
    角運動量
  • big momentum
    《米口》大きな勢い、決定的勢い
  • break the momentum
    勢いを失う、勢いを止める
  • build on the momentum
    勢いに乗る
  • change the diplomatic momentum
    外交的推進力を変化させる
  • conservation of angular momentum
    角運動量保存
  • conservation of momentum
    運動量の保存
  • diplomatic momentum
    外交的推進力
I've also proposed a 10-point Accountability Plan for American Business, designed to provide better information to shareholders, set clear responsibility for corporate officers, and develop a stronger, more independent auditing system. This plan is ensuring that the SEC takes aggressive and affirmative action. affirmative action
(名詞) 《米》アファーマティブ・アクション、マイノリティー優遇措置、差別撤廃措置、差別解消積極措置、公民権推進活動、積極的差別是正措置、積極的行動
  • affirmative action employer
    差別撤廃雇用主
  • affirmative action plan
    差別修正措置計画、差別撤廃プログラム、少数民族優遇制度
  • affirmative action program
    差別修正措置計画、差別撤廃プログラム、少数民族優遇制度
  • take affirmative action
    断固とした行動を取る

Corporate officers who benefit from false accounting statements should forfeit all money gained by their fraud. An executive whose compensation is tied to his company's performance makes more money when his company does well -- that's fine, and that's fair when the accounting is above-board. Yet when a company uses deception -- deception accounting to hide reality, executives should lose all their compensation -- all their compensation -- gained by the deceit.

forfeit
(形容詞) 喪失して、没収されて

・ His life is forfeit to me.
・ Now your lives are forfeit, and I am most willing.
・ Pawns will naturally be forfeit.

(他動詞) 〜を失う(lose)、没収する、放棄する、喪失する、(権利を)失う、剥奪する

・ Any amount remaining in your account will be forfeited. : 口座の残高への権利は失われます
・ He has forfeited his right to participate.

(名詞) 没収物、罰金、科料、違約金、追徴金、犠牲、喪失、剥奪、没収
・ That was a forfeit.
  • forfeit a claim
    要求権を喪失する
  • forfeit a deposit
    保証金を没収する
  • forfeit a game
    試合を没収する
  • forfeit a pawn
    質草を流す
  • forfeit a right
    権利を没収する
  • forfeit all claims to someone's confidence
    すっかり(人)の信用を失う
  • forfeit benefits
    手当をもらう権利を失う
  • forfeit clause
    没収規定
  • forfeit of pay for one month
    1カ月分の給料没収
  • forfeit one's composure
    落着きを失う
  • forfeit one's crown
    王位を失う
open and above-board
全く率直な、公明正大に、正直で率直な、包み隠さずに
 deceit
(名詞) 詐欺、ペテン

・ He accused them of deceit. : 彼は彼らを詐欺で告発した。


deceitful
(形容詞) 嘘つきの、詐欺的な、ペテンの、するい、詐欺の、策略を弄する
  • deceitful act
    人を惑わす行動
  • deceitful in speech, be
    二枚舌を使う
  • deceitful man
    実のない男、策略家
  • deceitful person
    嘘をつく人、嘘つき
  • deceitful plea
    詐欺的答弁

Corporate leaders who violate the public trust should never be given that trust again. The SEC should be able to punish corporate leaders who are convicted of abusing their powers by banning them from ever serving again as officers or directors of a publicly-held corporation. If an executive is guilty of outright fraud, resignation is not enough. Only a ban on serving at the top of another company will protect other shareholders and employees.

public trust
公益信託、大衆の信頼、国民の信頼
  • public trust in beef
    牛肉に対する国民の信頼
  • public trust in food labeling
    食品表示への国民の信頼
  • public trust in politics
    政治に対する国民の信頼
  • public trustee
    公選信託受託者
  • undermine public trust in food
    食品への国民の信頼を損なう
  • rebuild public trust in politics to any extent at all
    国民の政治への信頼を少しでも回復する
  • erosion of public trust in politics
    国民の政治への信頼が損なわれること
  • restore the public trust in politics
    国民の政治に対する信頼を取り戻す
  • undermine public trust in the domestic markets
    国内市場への国民の信頼を損なう
  • loss of public trust in
    〜をめぐって国民の信頼を失うこと
  • with public trust reaching its nadir
    国民の信用[信任・信頼]がどん底に落ちた状態で
  • betray the public trust through
    〜によって国民の信頼を裏切る
  • lose public trust
    国民の信任を失う
  • position of public trust
    公衆の信頼を受ける地

My accountability plan also requires CEOs to personally vouch for their firms' annual financial statements. Currently, a CEO signs a nominal certificate, and does so merely on behalf of the company. In the future, the signature of the CEO should also be his or her personal certification of the veracity and fairness of the financial disclosures. When you sign a statement, you're pledging your word, and you should stand behind it.

nominal
(形容詞) 名詞の、名称上の、名目上の
(名詞-1) 名詞語句
(名詞-2) 公称
  • nominal $__ a month
    月々わずか_ドル
  • nominal 115 VAC
    《コ》公称交流115V
  • nominal account
    仮勘定
  • nominal amount
    額面価額
  • nominal amount demanded
    名目需要量
  • nominal amount of money
    ごくわずかな金
  • nominal amount supplied
    名目供給量

And because the shareholders of America need confidence in financial disclosures right away, the SEC has ordered the leaders of nearly a thousand large public companies to certify that the financial information they submitted in the last year was fair and it was accurate.

-

I've also called on the SEC to adopt new rules to ensure that auditors will be independent and not compromised by conflicts of interest.

-

The House of Representatives has passed needed legislation to encourage transparency and accountability in American businesses. The Senate also needs to act quickly and responsibly, so I can sign a good bill into law.

legislation
(名詞-1) 《法律》立法、法律制定 ◆法の立案・提出・審議。議会を通過したのが law、statute。
(名詞-2) 《法律》法、法規、法律、制定法
  • legislation against terrorism
    テロ対策法
  • legislation by member
    議員立法
  • legislation concerning emergency situations
    有事立法
  • legislation designed to promote local economies where nuclear power stations are located
    原発立地地域振興法
  • legislation for the naming of Imperial eras
    元号の法制化
  • legislation limiting the right to own handguns
    拳銃を所有する権利{けんり}を制限する法律
  • legislation of specified duration
    時限立法
Third, my administration will guard the interests of small investor and pension holders. More than 80 million Americans own stock, and many of them are new to the market. Buying stock gives them an opportunity to build wealth over the long-term, and this is the very kind of responsible investment we must promote in America. To encourage stock ownership, we must make sure that analysts give honest advice, and pension plans treat workers fairly. pension
(他動詞) 〜に年金を与える
(名詞) ペンション、年金
  • pension administered by post office
    郵便年金
  • pension administration plan
    年金制度
  • pension and profit-sharing trusts
    年金・利潤分配信託
  • Pension and Welfare Benefit Programs
    年金福利プログラム

Stock analysts should be trusted advisors, not salesmen with a hidden agenda. We must prevent analysts from touting weak companies because they happen to be clients of their own firm for underwriting or merger advice. This is a flat-out conflict of interest, and we'll aggressively enforce new SEC rules against this practice -- rules which take effect today. underwriting
(名詞) 引受業務、査定
  • underwriting a/c balance
    保険事業勘定収支残
  • underwriting account balance
    営業勘定収支残
  • underwriting agreement
    引受契約
  • underwriting business
    引受業務
  • underwriting commission
    引受手数料
  • underwriting company
    引受会社
  • underwriting contract
    証券引受業者の手数料
  • underwriting fee
    引受手数料
  • underwriting firm
    引受会社
  • underwriting group
    引受グループ
  • underwriting house
    証券引受業者

And the stock markets should make sure that the advice analysts give, and the terms they use, have real meaning to investors. "Buy" should not be the only word in an analyst's vocabulary. And they should never say "hold" when they really mean "sell."

-

Small investors should also not have to have the deck stacked against them when it comes to managing their own retirement funds. My pension reform proposal would treat corporate executives the same as workers during so-called "blackout periods," when employees are prohibited from trading in their accounts. What's fair for the workers is fair for the bosses. (Applause.)

blackout
(名詞-1) 停電、失神、(一時的な)記憶喪失、(一時的な)意識喪失、一過性黒内障

(名詞-2) 灯火管制、報道管制をすること

(名詞-3) (サービスなどが)なくなること

My reform proposal gives workers quarterly information about their investments. It expands workers' access to sound investment advice, and allows them to diversify out of company stock. The House has passed these measures; I urge the Senate to do the same.

-

Tougher laws and stricter requirements will help -- it will help. Yet, ultimately, the ethics of American business depend on the conscience of America's business leaders. We need men and women of character, who know the difference between ambition and destructive greed, between justified risk and irresponsibility, between enterprise and fraud.

-

Our schools of business must be principled teachers of right and wrong, and not surrender to moral confusion and relativism. Our leaders of business must set high and clear expectations of conduct, demonstrated by their own conduct. Responsible business leaders do not jump ship during hard times. Responsible leaders do not collect huge bonus packages when the value of their company dramatically declines. Responsible leaders do not take home tens of millions of dollars in compensation as their companies prepare to file for bankruptcy, devastating the holdings of their investors.

relativism
(名詞) 相対主義、相対性理論、相対論
  • cultural relativism
    文化相対主義
  • linguistic relativism
    言語相対論、言語相対説
  • marketing relativism
    マーケティング相対主義

Everyone in a company should live up to high standards. But the burden of leadership rightly belongs to the chief executive officer. CEOs set the ethical direction for their companies. They set a moral tone by the decisions they make, the respect they show their employees, and their willingness to be held accountable for their actions. They set a moral tone by showing their disapproval of other executives who bring discredit to the business world.

moral tone
気品、風格


bring discredit to
〜の名を汚す

And one of the principal ways that CEOs set an ethical tone is through their compensation. The pay package sends a clear signal whether a business leader is committed to teamwork or personal enrichment. It tells you whether his principal goal is the creation of wealth for shareholders, or the accumulation of wealth for himself.

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The SEC currently requires the annual disclosure of a CEO's compensation. But that information is often buried in long proxy statement -- proxy statements, and seldom seen -- seldom seen -- by shareholders. I challenge every CEO in America to describe in the company's annual report -- prominently, and in plain English -- details of his or her compensation package, including salary and bonus and benefits. And the CEO, in that report, should also explain why his or her compensation package is in the best interest of the company he serves.

proxy statement
委任勧誘状

Those who sit on corporate boards have responsibilities. I urge board members to check the quality of their company's financial statements; to ask tough questions about accounting methods; to demand that audit firms are not beholden to the CEO; and to make sure the compensation for senior executives squares with reality and common sense. And I challenge compensation committees to put an end to all company loans to corporate officers. -

Shareholders also need to make their voices heard. They should demand an attentive and active board of directors. They should demand truly independent directors. They should demand that compensation committees reward long-term success, not failure. Shareholders should demand accountability not just in bad times, but especially in boom times, when accountability frequently breaks down. Shareholders are a company's most important constituency, and they should act like it.

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The 1990s was a decade of tremendous economic growth. As we're now learning, it was also a decade when the promise of rapid profits allowed the seeds of scandal to spring up. A lot of money was made, but too often standards were tossed aside. Yet the American system of enterprise has not failed us. Some dishonest individuals have failed our system. Now comes the urgent work of enforcement and reform, driven by a new ethic of responsibility.

spring up
跳ね起きる、突然現れる、出現する、生じる、生まれる、起こる、(市場などが)立つ、(商売などが)成り立つ
  • spring upon someone from behind
    (人)に後ろから襲いかかる
  • suddenly spring up from nowhere
    唐突に漠然と考え付く

We will show that markets can be both dynamic and honest, that lasting wealth and prosperity are built on a foundation of integrity. By reasserting the best values of our country, we will reclaim the promise of our economy.

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Leaders in this room help give the free enterprise system an ethical compass, and the nation respects you for that. We need that influence now more than ever. I want to thank you for helping to restore the people's trust in American business. I want to thank you for your love of the country. And I want to thank you for giving me the chance to come and address you today. May God bless you all. (Applause.)

compass
(他動詞) 〜を取り巻く、巡る

(名詞) コンパス、限界、周囲、適度、範囲、羅針盤、方位磁石

END 11:47 A.M. EDT

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