スピーチの中の語句を覚える (通検、国連英検対策) (2002/6/9)

ここでは、米国大統領のスピーチをはじめ、国連事務総長等のスピーチの中に出てくる語句を随時紹介していきます。

3、 ブッシュ大統領 ラジオ演説 (2002年6月8日)より (出典: the White House)

For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
June 8, 2002

Radio Address by the President to the Nation

The Cabinet Room

-
THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. Nearly nine months have passed since September the 11th, and America is leading the world in a titanic struggle against terror. The first and best way to secure America's homeland is to attack the enemy where he hides and plans, and we are doing just that. titanic
(形容詞) タイタン神のような、巨大な、大力の


Titanic
(映画) タイタニック
=> 米1997。レオナルド・ディカプリオ、ケイト・ウィンスレット他。興行成績No.1の記録を塗り替え、アカデミー賞11部門も獲得

struggle
(名詞-1) 奮闘(努力)、苦闘、もがき、苦心、必死の努力、葛藤
(名詞-2) 争い、紛争、もめごと、いざこざ、ゴタゴタ、いさかい、軋轢、いがみ合い

(自動詞) 奮闘(努力)する、苦闘する、苦しむ、あえぐ、もがく、苦心する、骨折る、争う

◆(用例)・ We're struggling with such a low profit margin. : 薄利多売で必死で凌いでます。

We have also concluded that our government must be reorganized to deal most effectively with the new threats of the 21st century. So I have asked the Congress to join me in creating a single, permanent Cabinet-level Department of Homeland Security, with an overriding and urgent mission: securing the American homeland, and protecting the American people.

reorganize
(自・他動詞) 改組する、再編成する、変遷する

◆(用例)
・ We're going to reorganize at the same time.
・ We've go to reorganize, max.
・ Do you want to reorganize the entire marketing department?
・ We reorganize all of our feeder schedules.


reorganize a committee
委員会を再編する


Congress
(名詞) 連邦議会、アメリカの議会、コングレス、議会

Cabinet-level
(名詞) 閣僚級の
◆(参考)事務レベルの=working-level

cabinet-level economic official
経済関係閣僚


cabinet-level ministers attending an international conference
閣僚級会議


Cabinet-level ministry and agency
省庁


Cabinet-level talks
閣僚級会談


convene a Cabinet-level emergency meeting to address the situation
内閣を挙げての緊急態勢を取る

reorganization of Cabinet-level ministries and agencies
省庁再編


overriding
(形容詞) 主要な、最優先の、最も重要な、最有力の、決定的な
◆(用例)・ From the start, our overriding goal has been to produce a user friendly GUI. : 開発当初からの第1目標は使いやすい^グラフィカル・ユーザ・インタフェース[GUI]を作ることでした。〔MI〕

(関連後)
  • overriding aorta
    騎乗大動脈
  • overriding commission
    取扱手数料
  • overriding criterion
    最優先規準
  • overriding need
    最優先で必要なもの
  • overriding of aorta
    騎乗大動脈
  • overriding primacy of the group, the
    何よりも集団を優先すること
  • overriding problem
    他のすべてに優先する問題
    ◆(用例)・ There is, further, an overriding problem.
  • become an overriding problem
    大問題になる
  • declare the overriding principle
    大方針を表明する
  • matter of overriding concern
    最優先の事柄
  • of overriding importance
    最も重要な
  • policy with overriding priority
    重点政策
The Department of Homeland Security will unite essential agencies that must work more closely together, among them the Coast Guard and the Border Patrol, the Customs Service, Immigration officials, the Transportation Security Administration, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Employees of this new agency will come to work every morning knowing that their most important job is to protect their fellow citizens.

Coast Guard
沿岸警備隊(員)

border patrol
国境往来者、国境監視、国境巡視隊


Border Patrol agent
国境監視員


customs service
関税事務、税関


immigration official
入国管理当局者

  • emigration and immigration officials
    出入国事務官
  • turn oneself in to immigration officials to
    〜するために入国管理局に出頭する
Federal Emergency Management Agency
(組織名) 米連邦緊急事態管理局
◆1979設立
◆(略語)FEMA

The Department of Homeland Security will be charged with four primary tasks. This new agency will control our borders and prevent terrorists and explosives from entering our country. It will work with state and local authorities to respond quickly and effectively to emergencies. It will bring together our best scientists to develop technologies that detect biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons, and to discover the drugs and treatments to best protect our citizens. And this new department will review intelligence and law enforcement information from all agencies of government, and produce a single daily picture of threats against our homeland. Analysts will be responsible for imagining the worst, and planning to counter it.

charged with an important task, be
大任{たいにん}を負っている

explosive
(形) 爆発しやすい、爆発性の、爆発的な
(名) 爆発物、火薬

law enforcement
法の執行、法的処置[処罰]、法律の強化、警察、当局

law enforcement agency
法執行機関

counter
(自動詞) 逆襲[反撃・反抗]する、迎え撃つ
(他動詞-1) 対抗する、逆らう、反論する、論駁する
◆(用例)・ The employees counter that the company should distribute more profit to them. : 従業員達は、企業がさらに多くの利益を従業員達に分配するべきだと反論した。
(他動詞-2) 対応する

What I am proposing is the most extensive reorganization of the federal government since the 1940s. During his presidency, Harry Truman recognized that our nation's fragmented defenses had to be reorganized to win the Cold War. He proposed uniting our military forces under a single Department of Defense, and creating the National Security Council to bring together defense, intelligence, and diplomacy. President Truman's reforms are still helping us to fight terror abroad, and now we need similar dramatic reforms to secure our people at home.

federal government
連邦政府
◆(略語)FED


fragmented
(形) 壊れた、崩壊した

  • fragmented bargaining
    部分交渉}
  • fragmented economy
    細分化経済
  • fragmented market
    断片的市場
  • fragmented Parliament
    分裂した国会
  • fragmented rock
    浮石
  • fragmented society
    分裂[崩壊]した社会
  • lead to a fragmented political map
    小党分立を招く
     
Department of Defense
(組織名) 《米》国防総省
◆(略語)DOD / DoD / DD

National Security Council
(組織名) 《米》国家安全保障会議
◆(略語)NSC
Only the United States Congress can create a new department of government, so I'm asking for your help in encouraging your representatives to support my plan. We face an urgent need, and we must move quickly, this year, before the end of the congressional session. face
(他動-1) 〜の方を向く、〜に向かう、〜と向かい合う、〜に面する、〜に立ち向かう、〜に直面する、危険が〜の身に迫る、〜を正視する

◆(用例)
・ It's time we face the fact. : 《女が男に愛を告白しようとするときに》お互いもうはっきりさせるべきよ
・ Please face this direction. : こちらを向いてください。
・ They have been faced with mounting opposition. : 彼等は高まり行く反対に直面している。
・ Let's face it. : 現状を直視しましょう。、現実を認めよう。、率直に話します。

(他動-2) (問題などに)取り組む
(他動-3) 上塗りする、上張りする、(トランプの)表を出す、回れ右させる
(他動-4) (〜罪の)嫌疑を受ける[かけられる]、(〜罪を)科せられる可能性{かのうせい}がある

All in our government have learned a great deal since September the 11th, and we must act on every lesson. We are stronger and better prepared today than we were on that terrible morning. And with your help, and the support of the Congress, we will be stronger still.

Thank you for listening.

END

act on
(句動詞-1) 〜に作用する、〜に影響する、〜に影響を与える、〜の反応を引き起こす
(句動詞-2) 〜に従う、〜に従って行動する、〜に基づいて行動する、(具体的な)処置を取る


(関連表現)
  • act on impulse
    (一時の)衝動に駆られる、衝動的に行動する
  • act on instinct
    本能のままに振る舞う
  • act on instructions
    指令どおりに行動する
  • act on one's conscience
    良心に恥じない行動を取る
  • act on one's convictions
    自分の信念に従って行動する
  • act on one's emotions
    心を動かす
  • act on one's instructions
    〜の指図に従って行動する
  • act on one's own
    自由行動を取る
  • act on one's own accord
    独自に行動する
  • act on one's own initiative
    自発的に行動する
  • act on one's own judgement
    自分一個の了見で行動する